Posted on: 9/30/2011 12:16:49 AM Posted By: neema Membership Level: Silver Total Points: 103
The theory was put forwardby a French thinker Charles deSecondat Montesquieu duringthe enlightenment age. Thetheory originally known as'Trias politica' in French statesthe different powers andresponsibilities related togovernance—namely thelegislative, executive and thejudicial—should beindependent of each other.He developed this theoryafter observing life in France,where he saw three stratas ofsociety: the commons, thearistocrats and the monarchy.There were the three powersbut no distribution of them.Most modern democracies asdiverse as the United Statesand India have separation ofpowers as a part of theirconstitutions. It prevents theabuse of power as eachbranch is independent andkeeps a check on the othertwo.
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