Bachelor of Arts (Literature)
Theory And Methods In Oral Literature
Exam Name: Theory And Methods In Oral Literature
Course: Bachelor of Arts (Literature)
Institution/Board: Kenyatta University
UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS 2009/2010
SECOND SEMESTER EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF
BACHELOR OF ARTS AND BACHELOR OF EDUCATION
ALT 301: THEORY AND METHODS IN ORAL LITERATURE
Wednesday 7th April 2010
TIME: 11.00a.m ? 1.00p.m
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer question 1 and any other two
?The tale is not beautiful unless something is added to it. (an Italian Proverb)?.
With reference to the proverb explain how you would go about translating and
recording material collective form the field.
According to Father Cagnolo the Gikuyu folktale represents ?Occasional gleams
of natural intelligence handed down in oral tradition from father to son? with
reference to me the statement, discuss the missionary /colonial theoretical
premises and practiced in their study of American oral literature.
Discuss the Evolution Theory in relation to the African Traditional context.
Illustrate using two oral narratives from your community.
In Proppian terms characters are understood in terms of their types? That is the
functions they fulfill in a tale.? With reference to the statement, outline and
discuss the well-known characters in folktale.
Apply the functionalist theory to the oral literature of your communities. Draw
examples from narratives, proverbs, riddle and songs.
Page 1 of 2
In your opinion, should we rewrite our African folktales, so as to make them
gender-sensitive? Elaborate your answer with examples from your peoples?
Diffusion Theory is applied to the migration of cultural motifs from one culture to
another. Discuss this theory with reference to three or more Kenyan communities
that have similar proverbs, riddles or narratives.
Discuss the kinship between our written literature and our oral literature.
What would you regard as Harold Scheub?s contribution to our outstanding of
Page 2 of 2
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