The Challenges facing education in Kenya


Date Posted: 7/3/2012 9:59:27 AM

Posted By: 715826879  Membership Level: Silver  Total Points: 875

The Kenyan school system has undergone many changes in the last 50 years and until today it is struggling to provide all Kenyan children with a proper education.
One of the biggest challenges parents face are the tuition coasts. A Part of it has been eliminated in 2003 when the Kenyan president Mwai Kibaki re-introduced free
Primary education, though still a small fee for text books, PTA, and extracurricular activities has to be paid. Now the biggest challenge parent’s face is the transportation of their children, as good schools are often far away from their homes. This leads to some children waking up at 5am in the morning and coming home late in the night.

After this they still have to do their home work which leaves no free time for the often very young children, a factor that affects their health in a bad way.
To solve this problem the government has to build more primary schools so the children won’t have to travel this far.

It has been calculated that about 5% of Kenyan children don’t attend school, though in some regions the number will be much higher.
The schools on the other hand face their very own problems which definitely don’t help in improving the quality of the school system in Kenya.
For example there is a lack of qualified teachers in Kenya, this fact results from the bad school system Kenya had before its independence.

It has been estimated that there is a shortage of about 4 teachers per school which is a great obstacle for a great quality school system. Since the introduction of the free primary school system a significant increase in enrolments from 5.9 to 7.2 million pupils has been reported. The schools were not prepared for this so that today some classes now have as many as 80-100 students. Not to mention the missing physical classroom space, and learning resources that result from the increasing number of pupils.

Another challenge for the schools is that they receive funds at unpredictable times, which makes planning a Budget a very hard task. After primary school Kenyans attend 4 years of secondary school and than 4 years of university, that’s if they can afford to be enrolled.

In 2008, the government introduced plans to offer free Secondary education to all Kenyans which make it much easier for the majority of Kenyans to attend secondary school. Though the parents will still have to pay boarding school coasts and the school uniforms, it is a big step for the Kenyan school system to offer free Secondary education.

But still only a few secondary schools are public while most of them are private and only affordable for better situated Kenyans or foreigners living in Kenya.
University’s in Kenya can be divided into public and private ones, while there are only 7 public University’s there are as much as 23 private ones which makes it nearly impossible for a normal Kenyan to afford their children to go to University!


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