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State and explain the main factors influencing population density and population distribution in Africa


State and explain the main factors influencing population density and population distribution in Africa



1. Availability of Water:
It is one of the main factor which force people to settle in a particular area as water is used for drinking, crops growth, cattle breeding etc.

2. Landforms: People prefer to live in plain areas as these areas are easy to access, and are feasible for communication, agricultural and industrial activities.

3. Climate: Another important factor for dense population in an area is climate. People prefer to live in areas which have moderate climate-thus avoiding extreme climates like that in Antarctica.

4. Soil: Most of the people who are linked with agriculture prefer to live in areas which are fertile.

5. Urbanization: Better job opportunities, education and health facilities are also responsible for dense population in a limited area. Urban cities are densely populated as it has all these facilities. To name a few, Tokyo, London, New York, Dubai are some of the famous cities in the world.

6. Minerals: Areas rich in minerals attract people interested in mining activities and thus companies of international standard which in turn attract people in search of jobs thus increase in population of that area.

7. Industrialization: Industries not only require labors but also operators, management staff, engineers, doctors etc as it has its own residential area.

8. Need for High Income: Farmers in agricultural areas require larger work force to increase crop yield and income. They do not think about increased population.

9. Religious Cultural Factors: Islam and Christianity strongly criticize family planning therefore; people who are very religious minded do not care for increased population. People try to live at places where people of same culture are present.

10. Lack of Education: Lack of education is also one of the greatest factors of increase in population as people are unaware of the economic burden, increased population put on country’s economy.

11. Government Policies: Frequent government changes results in inconsistency of policies against high population growth rate. The government of France now gives incentives to the parents for giving births to more children as their population growth rate is now negative.

12. Age of Marriage: In the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), females get married at very young age and this also contributes to high population growth in Least Developed Countries.

13. Decrease in Death Rate: The advanced medical facilities have caused decrease in death rate which has also contributed to the increase in population density.

14. Political Unrest or War: Areas which are involved in war or are experiencing political unrest, people tend to move from that areas which result in less population at one and increase in another area.
francis1897 answered the question on January 12, 2023 at 07:51

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