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Form 3 Geography Sample Exam Questions and Answers
Form 3 Geography Sample Exam Questions and Answers
(a) Name two rivers in Kenya West of the Rift Valley that cause frequent flooding (b) State three factors that lead to frequent flooding in the Lake region of Kenya
i) Other than seif dunes, name two other types of sand dunes ii) Give five characteristics of seif dunes iii) State four factors that facilitate the formation of the sand dunes
Explain four positive effects of desert features to human activities
i) Give three reasons why there are no ice sheets in Kenya ii) Explain three factors that influence the movement of ice from the place of accumulation
Explain four positive effects of glaciation in lowland areas
i) Give the dates in a year during which the number of hours of darkness is equal in both the north and the south poles ii) Why do the lengths of days and nights vary from one part of the earth to another?
a)What is a lake ? b) State three ways through which lakes are formed
i) What is desertification? ii) Differentiate between wind deflation and wind abrasion
a) State two ways in which glacier moves b) State three differences between a young river valley and a glaciated valley
i) What is chemical weathering ii) State five factors that affect the rate of chemical weathering in equatorial regions b) Explain the following chemical weathering process i) Carbonation ii) Hydrolysis
a) State four sources of underground of water b) Explain three processes of wind erosion
1. With the aid of well labeled diagrams, describe the formation of: i) A Barchan (ii) Rock pedestal (iii) An oasis 2. Name three features resulting from water deposition in desert
State four ways in which desert land forms influence man’s activities.
1. State three reasons why wind erosion is predominant in desert areas 2. With aid of well labeled diagrams, describe the formation of the following desert features; (i) Rock pedestal. (ii) Zeugen.
a) Differentiate between oceans and seas. (b) Explain three sources of salinity in the oceans . (c) State three features on the ocean floor.
(i) Describe how Lake Victoria was formed. (ii) Explain any three ways in which Lake Victoria has influenced the climate of surrounding areas
1. Name any three surface features that result from carbonation. 2. Differentiate between a river system and a river regime.
The diagram below shows a drainage pattern. Use it to answer the questions that follow:- (i) Name the drainage pattern. (ii) Name the parts labelled P and Q
(a) Name any two features deposited by glacier in lowland areas. (b) Describe how a roche mountonnee is formed.
1. Explain three ways through which wind transports its load 2. Give the name given to rocky desert in the Sahara 3. Explain three positive effects of desert features to both human and physical environment
(a) The diagram below shows zones of underground water. Use it to answer the questions that follow:- (i) Name the parts labelled U and V. (ii) Name the surface water feature likely to form at the part labelled W. (b) Explain how the nature of underground rocks influences the existence of underground water
(a) What is a lake? (b) Name two types of lakes formed due to vulcanicity
(i) State four main reasons why lakes within the Rift valley are salty (ii) Name any three fresh water lakes in Kenya which are within the rift valley (iii) Explain any four economic significance of lakes to Human
(a) State four factors which may cause a waterfall to form (b) (i) Describe how river braids are formed (ii) Name three features resulting from river rejuvenation
(a) Describe how a river capture occurs (b) Give two reasons as to why Lake Naivasha is a fresh water lake
(a) Identify two erosional features in glaciated lowlands (b) Describe how the following features are formed: (i) Outwash plain (ii) Moraine-dammed lake
(a) Differentiate between mechanical and chemical weathering (b) State three factors which influence weathering
a) List four conditions necessary for the formation of an artesian well. b) Explain three ways in which ground water is of significance to human activities.
i) Define the term Karst scenery ii) Give two conditions for the development of Karst landscape iii) Outline the significance of Karst landscape to human activities
Use the diagram below to answer the following questions i) Name the parts labelled :- a, b and c. (ii) State four causes of river rejuvenation
i) Differentiate between denudation and mass wasting. ii) Explain two reasons why chemical weathering is dominant in humid tropics.
a) Explain three factors that influence mass wasting. b) With aid of a diagram, explain the process of solifluction.
i) What is a river? ii) Distinguish between a river confluence and a river tributary
a) State five characteristics of a flood plain b) Name four features resulting from water action in deserts
i) State three factors which contribute to the development of deserts. ii) Name three types of deserts according to the nature of their surfaces.
(a) What is the difference between swash and backwash (b) Why is wave cut platform and cliff line in Mombasa found above the sea level?
(a) Differentiate between accordant and discordant drainage systems (b) State three factors that facilitate formation of deltas
i) Describe how limestone pillars are formed in Karst scenery (ii) Explain three significance of resultant feature in limestone areas to human activities
i) Besides planting of trees state any other three measures that can be used to control desertification. ii) Explain how trees help in the conservation of the soil.
i) Explain how the following factors influence soil formation; - Climate - Living organisms ii) Give three factors that determine the colour of the soil.
i) Define the term soil ii) Name three components of soils
i) Distinguish between soil air and soil texture. ii) Describe the process of podzolisation. iii) State the characteristics of soils in grassland areas.
(i) Draw a labeled diagram to show a well- developed soil profile. (ii) Describe how laterization occurs.
a) Explain how the following farming practices cause soil erosion; (i) Burning. (ii) Continuous application of fertilizer on farm lands. (iii) Monoculture. (b) Apart from latosols name any two other types of zonal soils
Describe how the following types of erosion occur i) Sheet erosion ii) Gulley erosion iii) State two economic uses of soils
(a) What is soil conservation? (b) State three methods that assist in soil conservation
Name two districts in Rift valley where maize is grown in plantations.
Describe maize production from planting to harvesting.
Explain three problems facing maize farmers in Kenya.
Name two exotic breeds of dairy cattle reared in Kenya.
Give three reasons why the Kenya highlands are suitable for dairy farming.
Name two horticultural crops grown in Kenya
State three reasons why horticulture is more developed in the Netherlands than in Kenya.
Explain two reasons why horticultural produce is exported by air
What is nomadic pastoralism?
State three characteristics of nomadic pastoralism
Apart from milk name three other dairy products
Compare dairy farming in Kenya and Denmark
State three problems that have hindered the dairy activities in the Kenya highland
State three physical factors that favour wheat farming in Kenya
Name three provinces in Kenya where wheat is grown on commercial scale
Explain five factors which enable Canada to produce more wheat than Kenya
State three importance of wheat to the economy of Canada
Describe the cultivation of wheat under the following:- (i) Processing of wheat (ii) Marketing of wheat
Explain two problems facing wheat farmers in Kenya
State three physical conditions that favour sugarcane cultivation in Western Kenya
Horticulture is more developed in the Netherlands is more developed than in Kenya. Give four reasons for this Africa
Give three reasons why the growing of flowers in green house is preferred in Kenya
Differentiate between horticulture and market gardening
The table below shows horticultural crop production in Kenya
Explain three measures used to conserve fish in Kenya