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Discuss the causes of immigration


Discuss the causes of immigration



The growing body of literature on migration both internal and international tends to reach a consensus that economic considerations are of primary importance in the decision to migrate, in that people migrate ultimately to improve their economic well-being Internal migration takes place in large part in response to imbalances between the regions of a country, the dominant direction of such movement being dictated by the locational bias of employment generating projects. Thus, where both private and public investment is concentrated in the major (often the capital) city as is the case in most African countries, the dominant migration stream will no doubt be directed towards the capital. However, where plantations, mines and other enterprises are located in rural areas and offer readier employment and other opportunities, a substantial flow of intra-rural migration is to be expected, as is the case in the United Republic of Cameroon, Kenya and others.
In like manner, international migration signifies, to a large extent, inequalities in development, employment opportunities and especially income and living conditions between countries, particularly between the developed and developing countries. In the absence of strict restrictions on entry, and where information flow is both rapid and effective in disseminating the range of available opportunities in different locations, migration is expected to respond (quickly) to such positive, often exaggerated, signals.
The reasons associated with international migration are not solely economic. In international migration, political factors are often more important than economic factors'. Demands for adjustment of boundaries arbitrarily drawn by the colonial administration and which cut across economic and homogeneous ethnic groups, 'to accommodate the socio-cultural realities of the countries concerned and to regroup the populations of ethnic groups arbitrarily assigned to different countries', have led to war. An obvious example is the case of Somalia and Ethiopia, or less dramatically between Nigeria and the United Republic of Cameroon. The result, in all cases, is hundreds of refugees and displaced persons.
francis1897 answered the question on January 12, 2023 at 08:50

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