What is the need for environment management?


What is the need for environment management?


- The foregoing examples in Kenya show that unwise utilization of environmental resources can lead to lack of peace. The major reason for these crises is competition for the availability of few environmental resources. Scientists have warned that, if the mentioned unwise consumerism patterns are not monitored, they may lead to adverse effects on the environment such as;

a) Increased cases of species extinction due to destruction of natural environmental resources such as forests as a result of deforestation and destruction of natural resources. Species extinction leads to competition for utilization for few available resources. Hence lack of peace between resource managers and the indigenous utilizers.

b) Global warming which means average temperature rise of only 1C could have serious implications. Possible consequences include melting of polar ice caps; an increase in sea level; and increases in precipitation and severe weather events like hurricanes, tornadoes, heat waves, floods, and droughts. Indirect effects include increases in infectious disease, weather-related deaths, and food and water shortages. All these effects put a stress on ecosystems and agriculture, and threaten our planet as a whole.

c) Ozone layer depletion, due to presence of excess carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere. Availability of excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere may lead to desertification which leads to the availability of bare grounds which absorb a lot of heat. Desertification has increased competition for pastures and water in Arid and Semi Arid Lands (ASAL).

d) Climate change on a global scale has been attributed to increased emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur and nitrogen. This climate change has led to shortage of food, water, droughts, desertification and increased poverty which is detrimental to forests and other vegetation, soil, lakes, and aquatic life of peace.

e) Deforestation-the cutting of trees leading to desertification or the cutting of supply of oxygen to the atmosphere through photosynthesis. Deforestation has further increased the demand for timber and fuel wood. At the same time it interferes with water cycle thus reduction of rainfall leading to desertification which leads to the struggle for ownership of productive lands.

f) acid rain which comes about due to excess carbon dioxide and sulphur in the atmosphere which mixes with rain.Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides combine with water in the atmosphere to cause acid rain,. Acid rain also causes monuments and buildings to deteriorate, biodiversity loss, i.e. loss of important flora and fauna species and cancer diseases such as skin cancer. The foregoing has led to strains ranging from individuals strains; inter government strains and intercontinental strains.
Wilfykil answered the question on March 13, 2019 at 13:18

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