Challenges facing Education in Kenya


Date Posted: 11/7/2012 3:39:28 PM

Posted By: vann  Membership Level: Gold  Total Points: 1002

There are several challenges that have been as blocks for attainment of goals and objectives of education in Kenya. Some of these challenges are natural, some financial in nature while others are economically and socially induced. Political challenges also are a major reason why these goals and objectives are still not achievable.

Here are some of the challenges of education in Kenya:

1. Lack of adequate infrastructure and shortage of permanent classrooms in primary schools, particularly in poor counties. For example in North Eastern parts of the country.

2. Lack of clear legal guidelines on the implementation of inclusive education and non formal education programs. The guidelines provided for implementation of educational plan are always inefficient.
3. Lack of reliable data on children with special needs, out-of-school children and illiterate adults and youth. This results due to inadequate machines and personnel in collecting, analyzing and recording correct data.

4. Shortfall of adult literacy teachers as well as teaching and learning materials. There are no proper motivation and clear follow up on adult education which discourages education in this level.

5. Low transition rates from primary to secondary, secondary to higher education institutions, and higher education to special fields or job market.

6. Outdated curricula for technical, vocational education and training.

7. Inadequate physical facilities for technical, vocational education and training as well as mechanisms for quality assurance;

8. Limited resources for expansion of universities to cope with the number of students leaving secondary schools.

9. Mismatch between skills offered by universities and the demands of the labour market.

10. High number of HIV/AIDS orphans.

11. High pupils to teacher ratios in densely populated areas and low pupil to teacher ratios in less populated regions.

12. Due to the need to contain the wage bill to manageable levels, the government does not employ new teachers, but only replaces those who leave through death, resignation or retirement. This has led to shortfall of teachers in schools.

Strategies to address these challenges

1. The Ministry of Education has drafted a national policy on ECE, which provides guidelines on the implementation of the ECE programmes. The draft policy is under discussion with the stakeholders before being finalized and adopted.
2. Adult literacy survey was conducted between June and August 2006 and findings should establish the actual literacy levels in the country.
3. Draft policy on gender and education is being developed.
4. Draft policy on Open and Distance Learning (ODM) being developed.
5. Review of all laws on education and training is on-going through a task force on legal frame work for education and training.

Ministry of Education has prepared a draft paper on teacher employment and deployment to ensure equitable staff distribution.


s cheka
Membership Level: Bronze    Total Points: 3
I hope
county government..wol play a big role
to end the poor situations
especially in rural areas
04 Sep 2013 @ 06:55

Membership Level: Gold    Total Points: 2882
Other challenges facing education in Kenya include the following:

1. Interference with school administration by parents
- Some parents interfere greatly with the core administration of schools and this negatively impacts on delivering core duties by teachers.
2. Low number of teachers in most public schools.
- Since the introduction of free primary education, many students have been enrolling at public schools year in year out. On the other hand, the government has not been hiring adequate number of teachers to take care of the rising number of students.
3. Insecurity in some regions.
- In Kenya, there are areas which are faced with increasing number of insecurities. Students find it hard to attend all classes for fear of being attacked.
4. Lack of adequate lighting in some rural schools.
- Some schools in Kenya, especially rural schools do not have source of lighting as they are not yet connected to electricity. This interferes with learning since students are not able to attend evening classes or even use computers.
5. Lack of core school facilities such as class rooms, tables, chairs e.t.c.
- These facilities are either missing or inadequate in some schools. There are even some schools where students take studies under trees.
6. Lack of teaching morale on the side of teachers.
- In many public schools, teachers are not motivated and this breaks their morale in teaching hence poor performance in national examinations.
7. Lack of enough material support from parents.
- Many parents have the misconception that free primary educations means that everything in school is free. They even do not buy books for the students and argue that everything is for free in school.
8. Drug abuse.
- Some students get involved in drugs and this negatively impacts on their performance in national examinations.
25 Jan 2014 @ 01:27

Membership Level: Diamond    Total Points: 13467
Education is said to be the backbone of many economies. The Kenyan economy relies heavily on the availability of skilled labor so as to grow its economy. It is by attending academic institutions that people acquire the relevant skills needed in the job market. Unfortunately, it has become an uphill task as the education path has many obstacles.

Students have enrolled in academic institutions that are not accredited by the ministry of higher education. This has frustrated the efforts of many students who have toiled tirelessly so as to get a professional qualification or a degree.
In many universities around the country, lecturers do not show up and if they do, they do not lecture for the period they are expected to. They prefer to dish out hand outs and the student is left to struggle and understand its contents. This forces the student to cram where else the course objectives expects him to understand and apply the concepts learned.

Examinations in most tertiary institutions are not taken with the seriousness they deserve. There is rampant copying and flaws in examination rules. Many desks have been written on by the students and therefore making it easy for them to cheat in exams. The university administration is totally aware about this but not much is done to curb cheating.

Embezzlement of funds is a key challenge facing the education sector. The free primary education is an initiative of the Kibaki administration but it has encountered many hurdles along the way. Donors have pumped in millions of dollars but the bulk of this money has ended up in the pockets of some few greedy individuals. Commissions of inquiry are set up to calm the public but the public is not made aware of the findings.

Many heads of schools have complained that there are delays in disbursing the funds that each public school should receive. This has led to strike threats and even some schools have had to be closed indefinitely since they cannot sustain themselves. Suppliers need to be paid but without funds, this is only a dream yet to be realized.
Poor remuneration of teachers and lecturers has led to strikes. Strikes do affect learning in all public institutions as the students have to go home till an amicable solution is arrived at. The most affected are the candidates in class eight and form four as they risk not finishing the syllabus or lack of ample revision time which is the key to success.

The Kenya national examination council is under heavy criticism as it has failed to maintain the integrity of national examinations. In March, many ex candidates especially from North Eastern Kenya did not get their examination results. This was a topic of debate appearing in the order paper in parliament. The council has been able to reduce the cases of exam irregularities but it is still believed that they can do better so as to create a level playing ground for all candidates.
08 Oct 2014 @ 09:17

Membership Level: Silver    Total Points: 547
One of the biggest challenges parents face are the tuition coasts. A Part of it has been eliminated in 2003 when the Kenyan president Mwai Kibaki re-introduced free
Primary education, though still a small fee for text books, PTA, and extracurricular activities has to be paid. Now the biggest challenge parent’s face is the transportation of their children, as good schools are often far away from their homes. This leads to some children waking up at 5am in the morning and coming home late in the night.

After this they still have to do their home work which leaves no free time for the often very young children, a factor that affects their health in a bad way.
To solve this problem the government has to build more primary schools so the children won’t have to travel this far.

It has been calculated that about 5% of Kenyan children don’t attend school, though in some regions the number will be much higher.
The schools on the other hand face their very own problems which definitely don’t help in improving the quality of the school system in Kenya.
For example there is a lack of qualified teachers in Kenya, this fact results from the bad school system Kenya had before its independence.

It has been estimated that there is a shortage of about 4 teachers per school which is a great obstacle for a great quality school system. Since the introduction of the free primary school system a significant increase in enrolments from 5.9 to 7.2 million pupils has been reported. The schools were not prepared for this so that today some classes now have as many as 80-100 students. Not to mention the missing physical classroom space, and learning resources that result from the increasing number of pupils.

Another challenge for the schools is that they receive funds at unpredictable times, which makes planning a Budget a very hard task. After primary school Kenyans attend 4 years of secondary school and than 4 years of university, that’s if they can afford to be enrolled.

In 2008, the government introduced plans to offer free Secondary education to all Kenyans which make it much easier for the majority of Kenyans to attend secondary school. Though the parents will still have to pay boarding school coasts and the school uniforms, it is a big step for the Kenyan school system to offer free Secondary education.

But still only a few secondary schools are public while most of them are private and only affordable for better situated Kenyans or foreigners living in Kenya.
University’s in Kenya can be divided into public and private ones, while there are only 7 public University’s there are as much as 23 private ones which makes it nearly impossible for a normal Kenyan to afford their children to go to University!
08 Oct 2014 @ 09:39

Membership Level: Silver    Total Points: 149
A good article.
23 Apr 2015 @ 02:31

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