How the school performs the function of socialization

  

Date Posted: 11/3/2012 4:33:36 PM

Posted By: jullieflavia  Membership Level: Gold  Total Points: 2188


Through the curriculum, the school in a formal way provides the child with the necessary skills and knowledge as regards their future life. The following are essential social functions of schools;

1. Knowledge of basic intellectual skills such as reading, writing, verbal expression, quantitative and other cognitive abilities, education teaches language well how people communicate with each other according to positions in society.
2. Cultural achievements of ones society.
Opportunities to acquire social and vocational abilities which are necessary in order to make one a social, useful and economically productive member of the society.
3. Gender roles as perceived as suitable roles by the society.
Educational systems socialize students to become members of society, to play meaningful roles in the complex network of independent positions.
4. Education helps in shaping values and attitudes to the needs of the contemporary society.
Education widens the mental horizons of pupils and teaches them new ways of looking at themselves and their society.
5. Education offers young people opportunities for intellectual, emotional and social growth. Thus education can be influential in promoting new values and stimulating adaptation to changing conditions.
6. Informally and especially through social clubs, the school enables the child to learn a number of other social roles and skills which are also important for his/her overall development as a member of society. For example,
Education teaches the laws, traditions and norms of the community, the rights that individuals will enjoy and the responsibilities that they will undertake.
7. Education teaches how one is to behave toward his/her playmates and adults.
8. Education teaches how to share things and ideas.
9. Education teaches how to compete responsibly.
10. Schooling teaches how to cooperate
11. Schooling instills the community's pattern of respect; thus how to relate to others well and obey rules.
12. Schooling enables

one to internalize the culture of one's society.
13. Education leads toward tolerant and humanitarian attitudes. For example, college graduates are expected to be more tolerant than high school graduates in their attitudes toward ethnic and racial groups.
14. Education will train useful citizens who will obediently conform to society's norms, and will accept the role and status that society will confer upon them when they have finished their schooling.

Since children come from different backgrounds, the work of the school therefore is to intercept and change or modify those aspects which may not be acceptable to the community. At the same time, those aspects of training which are meaningful are encouraged. Most of the informal learning occurs mainly within the peer group setting. The peer groups affect the socialization process both in school and in the neighborhoods.
The school represents a formal and conscious effort by the society to socialize its young. It does this through the content of the curriculum and co-curricular activities. They also socialize the young through teachers’ attitudes and values that they communicate to the child. Teachers also act as models for students.
In school the child learns skills which to a large extent prepare him for the world of work.
Schools are expected to nurture, shape or mould pupils in ways that ensure the attainment of certain prescribed attitudes and skills. Thus, creating academic mastery, teaching social interaction skills, helping students develop societal commitment and loyalty are examples of goals that schools reasonably might be expected to attain. All these are aspects of socialization.


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