Problems facing nomadic pastoralists.

  

Date Posted: 5/2/2012 7:38:07 AM

Posted By: Brenda N  Membership Level: Gold  Total Points: 2373

Climatic problems due to low rainfall,the pastoralists are faced with water shortages for their cattle and the pasture become parched and brown and the condition of the livestock deteriorates.The natural pasture are usually of poor quality and are not nutritious.The livestock are affected by diseases and insect pests leading to heavy losses of livestock.The native breed of livestock are generally of poor quality.Too many animals are kept hence overstockinp and overgrazing.Livestock raids are common.Animals are frequently attacked by wild animals.There is generally lack of market and lastly the area under pastoralism face the problem of poor transport system.

Responses

pkithome
Membership Level: Silver    Total Points: 217
they also gets little or no extension veterinary services from the government due their moving nature,eg dips
08 Aug 2012 @ 01:23

Viona
Membership Level: Gold    Total Points: 1986
Pastrolalists are people who breed and keep animals. They can be categorised into two: nomadic and transhumance.
Nomadic pastrolalists keep on moving from one place with their animals in search of pasture and water. On the other hand, transhumance pastrolalists settle and do not move about alot.
Pastrolalists are poor, marginalized and face alot of problems. These include:
1. Lack of education. Pastrolalist's way of life is centred on looking after cattle. Therefore, education is not prioritized. This leads to high levels of illiteracy among pastrolalists.
2. Politics of isolation. Most politicians fail to spearhead development in areas occupied by pastrolalists.
3. Pressure and competition over scarce natural resources such as land.
4. Inadequate water reservoirs. This leads to innumerable movements from one place to another in search of water for their animals.
5. Dependancy syndrome on relief food. Pastrolalists greatly depend on relief food from the government, foreign unions and other stakeholders.
6. Famine and drought. Pastrolalists encounter famine since they do not practice meaningful farming. In addition, they do not take proper soil conservation measures and hence this leads to soil and environment degradation.
7. Lack of support from the government. The government has failed to provide extension workers to pastrolalists. In addition, initiatives such as Kenya Pastrolalists Week (KPW) held every year, has failed to address the felt needs of pastrolalists. The various projects and forums presented during the week are not properly implemented.
Inorder to address the problems that pastrolalists encounter, the following should be done:
1. Education. Education will help eradicate illiteracy among pastrolalists.
2. Provide extension services to pastrolalists. Extension workers advise pastrolalists on how to prevent cattle diseases.
3. Provide water reservoirs. These can be used to practice irrigation.
4. Introduce ranching. This helps to reduce the effects of droughts.
5. Push for policies which address the felt needs of pastrolalists. For example, address the problem of poverty.
16 Aug 2012 @ 02:44

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