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Outline the ways for behaviour modification techniques


Outline the ways for behaviour modification techniques



There are several methods the teacher could use in managing difficult children which would go along in minimizing cases of indiscipline while at the same time they will help to maximize the occurrence of desirable behaviours the methods are delivered form theories of behaviour modification. They include classical conditioning eliciting and extinction principles, operant conditioning; reinforcement and behavior contracting.

a. Eliciting
Eliciting is the act of expecting and calling upon the pupil to display the desirable behavior. The teacher could call the students by name and ask him to answer a question or do to a certain assignment or pick something on the floor. The most important concept here is giving the pupil the opportunity to do something desirable. When the pupil has displayed the desirable behaviour he should be given recognition. He should be told words such as thank you well done among other words. The positive responses from the teacher will enhance the chances of recurrence of the behavior.

b. Extinction
This refers to the elimination of a response through the withdrawal of reinforcement. The teacher could ignore a behavior that is undesirable sometimes. For example, some attention- seeking pupil who comes to class late so that he can be asked why he is late could be ignored, a student who does things to make the class laugh could be discouraged if the teacher instructs the class not to laugh, extinction works very well if the teacher accompanies it with reinforcement of alternative behaviour.

c. Reinforcement
Reinforcement is the key concept derived form operant conditioning theory; reinforcement refers to the use of rewards as incentives to induce and strengthen desirable behavior;

1. The teacher should always remember that rewards are useful when they are seen as potential sources of need satisfaction
2. Therefore, certain pupils will work for certain rewards. For this reason the teacher should know his pupils well in order to know what rewards a learner will work for
3. Rewards must be attainable. If a pupil is attracted to a certain reward but knows that he has little chance of attaining it he will not work for it.

d. Punishment
Punishment is a form of aversive control of behavior. Aversive control of behavior means in use of unpleasant stimuli to change undesirable behavior. A teacher can use punishment through the following ways; the teacher could administer an aversive stimulus like caning or kneeling.
A teacher can also remove an individual form a reinforcing situation e.g. removing a pupil form class also Called time out.
Removing a desirable stimulus form the students’ e. g taking away playtime is punishment Punishment can also be psychological like scolding or blaming a pupil.
The aim of punishment to the pupils is usually aimed at weakening it, suppressing the behavior and eliminating the behavior. NB administering punishment to the pupils the teachers should be careful not to allow emotions too overcome them to prevent going to the extreme of harming the child
francis1897 answered the question on March 17, 2023 at 08:29

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