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# Eco 322: Economics Of Demography Question Paper

Eco 322: Economics Of Demography

Course:

Institution: Moi University question papers

Exam Year:2018

MOI UNIVERSITY

OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY VICE CHANCELLOR(A,R& E)

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS

2017/2018 ACADEMIC YEAR

FOURTH YEAR FIRST SEMESTER EXAMINATION

SPECIAL/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS

FOR THE DEGREE OF

BACHELOR OF ARTS IN ECONOMICS

COURSE CODE:ECO 322

COURSE TITLE:ECONOMICS OF DEMOGRAPHY

DATE:18TH OCTOBER,2018

TIME 3HOURS

Instructions:

Answer four questions.QUESTION ONE IS COMPULSORY

Do not write anything on the question paper

QUESTION ONE

The key to solving serious problems of excessive rural-urban migration and rising urban unemployment and underemployment in third world countries is to restore a proper balance between urban and rural economic and social opportunities

i)Discuss the reasoning behind this statement. [10 Marks]

ii)Explain five specific examples of Kenyan government policies which will promote a better balance between urban and rural economic and social opportunities. [15 Marks]

QUESTION TWO

Population growth has been viewed as a major hindrance to Economic growth and development.

i)Outline and comment briefly on some of the arguments against the idea that population growth is a serious problem. [7Marks]

ii)Outline and comment briefly on some of the arguments that population growth is not a serious problem[8Marks]

QUESTION THREE

Malthusian population theory is one of the most discussed theory of population,briefly discuss the theory and critically evaluate it.Examine the relevance of theory especially in reference to developing countries [15Marks]

QUESTION FOUR

The data is from the selected countries in terms of birth rates per capita and income distribution(In Millions)

Country Birth Rates GNP Income

Brazil 28 2020 9.5

Colombia 28 1220 6.8

Costa Rica 29 1590 4.6

India 33 300 3.0

Mexico 30 1820 5.0

Peru 22 1430 8.7

Philippine 35 590 3.7

Senegal 46 510 6.4

South Korea 19 2690 2.7

Sri Lanka 22 400 3.1

Singapore 17 7940 NA

Thailand 24 840 3.3

Source: IBRD world development Report 1989

Use the data above to answer the following Questions

a)i)Derive a pie - chart for the birth rates and interpreted the results.[5 Marks]

ii)Based on the data provided what would you say about the degree of equality in income distribution. [5Marks]

b)Outline and Comment briefly on the various policy options available that you would suggest to the government of these countries to modify or limit the rate of population growth.[5Marks]

QUESTION FIVE

JosÃ© De Castro Theory and Thomas Double Day's Theory are some of the fertility,discuss each of these theories and explain their relevancy to developing countries. [15 Marks]

QUESTION SIX

i)Discuss how the so called household or microeconomic of fertility relate to the theory of consumer choice [5Marks].

ii)Do you agree that on the level of individual families economic incentives and disincentives do influence family size decision?Explain by giving specific incentives and incentives. [10Marks]

OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY VICE CHANCELLOR(A,R& E)

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS

2017/2018 ACADEMIC YEAR

FOURTH YEAR FIRST SEMESTER EXAMINATION

SPECIAL/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS

FOR THE DEGREE OF

BACHELOR OF ARTS IN ECONOMICS

COURSE CODE:ECO 322

COURSE TITLE:ECONOMICS OF DEMOGRAPHY

DATE:18TH OCTOBER,2018

TIME 3HOURS

Instructions:

Answer four questions.QUESTION ONE IS COMPULSORY

Do not write anything on the question paper

QUESTION ONE

The key to solving serious problems of excessive rural-urban migration and rising urban unemployment and underemployment in third world countries is to restore a proper balance between urban and rural economic and social opportunities

i)Discuss the reasoning behind this statement. [10 Marks]

ii)Explain five specific examples of Kenyan government policies which will promote a better balance between urban and rural economic and social opportunities. [15 Marks]

QUESTION TWO

Population growth has been viewed as a major hindrance to Economic growth and development.

i)Outline and comment briefly on some of the arguments against the idea that population growth is a serious problem. [7Marks]

ii)Outline and comment briefly on some of the arguments that population growth is not a serious problem[8Marks]

QUESTION THREE

Malthusian population theory is one of the most discussed theory of population,briefly discuss the theory and critically evaluate it.Examine the relevance of theory especially in reference to developing countries [15Marks]

QUESTION FOUR

The data is from the selected countries in terms of birth rates per capita and income distribution(In Millions)

Country Birth Rates GNP Income

Brazil 28 2020 9.5

Colombia 28 1220 6.8

Costa Rica 29 1590 4.6

India 33 300 3.0

Mexico 30 1820 5.0

Peru 22 1430 8.7

Philippine 35 590 3.7

Senegal 46 510 6.4

South Korea 19 2690 2.7

Sri Lanka 22 400 3.1

Singapore 17 7940 NA

Thailand 24 840 3.3

Source: IBRD world development Report 1989

Use the data above to answer the following Questions

a)i)Derive a pie - chart for the birth rates and interpreted the results.[5 Marks]

ii)Based on the data provided what would you say about the degree of equality in income distribution. [5Marks]

b)Outline and Comment briefly on the various policy options available that you would suggest to the government of these countries to modify or limit the rate of population growth.[5Marks]

QUESTION FIVE

JosÃ© De Castro Theory and Thomas Double Day's Theory are some of the fertility,discuss each of these theories and explain their relevancy to developing countries. [15 Marks]

QUESTION SIX

i)Discuss how the so called household or microeconomic of fertility relate to the theory of consumer choice [5Marks].

ii)Do you agree that on the level of individual families economic incentives and disincentives do influence family size decision?Explain by giving specific incentives and incentives. [10Marks]

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