Bac 408: Applied Investment Question Paper
Exam Name: Bac 408: Applied Investment
Course: Bachelor Of Commerce
Category: Kenyatta University question papers
UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS 2011/2012
FIRST SEMESTER EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF COMMERCE
BAC 408: APPLIED INVESTMENT
DATE: Thursday 8th DECEMBER 2011 TIME: 8.00 A.M. – 10.00 A.M.
Answer all questions
Show all your workings
Marks allocated are shown at the end of each question
Two investors, X and Y, have portfolios which lie on the Capital Market Line. X has one
third of his funds invested at a risk free rate, which is 12%, and the remainder in a
market portfolio of equities. The expected return on his total portfolio is 18% with a
standard deviation of 12%. Y’s expected return on his total portfolio is 24%. Both investors
can lend and borrow at the risk free rate.
Explain, with supporting calculations, the composition of the expected return of both
portfolios in terms of equity returns and fixed interest.
Give a freehand graphical representation of the Capital Market Line showing the
position of each investor’s portfolio.
On the assumption that X wishes to keep his portfolio on the Capital Market
line, calculate what standard deviation he would have to accept in order to
increase his expected return to 20% and explain how the composition of his
portfolio would change.
Explain the conceptual difference between the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) and
Capital Assets Pricing Model (CAPM).
(Total 20 marks)
Page 1 of 3
Differentiate between passive and active bond management strategies.
Explain any four active bond management strategies.
(Total: 15 Marks)
Describe the portfolio management process.
An analyst want to evaluate Portfolio X, consisting entirely of US common stocks,
using both the Treynor and Sharpe measures of portfolio performance. The table
below provides the average annual rate of return of Portfolio X, the market portfolio
(as measured by the Standard and Poor’s 500 index), and US Treasury bill (T-bills)
during the past 8 years.
rate of return
S & P 500
Calculate both the Treynor measure and Sharpe measure for both the Portfolio
X and the S & P 500. Briefly explain whether portfolio X underperformed,
equaled or outperformed the S & P 500 on a risk-adjusted basis using both the
Treynor measure and the Sharpe measure.
Based on the performance of Portfolio X relative to the S & P 500 calculated
in part (a), briefly explain the reason for the conflicting results when using the
Treynor measure verses the Sharpe measure.
Rank the portfolio using each measure, explaining the cause for any differences you
find in the rankings.
(Total: 20 marks)
Page 2 of 3
For an investment portfolio consisting of a large number of securities, the important
feature determining the riskiness of a portfolio is the way in which the returns on the
individual securities vary together.
Illustrate this statement by making calculation from the simplified data given in the table
below in relation to a portfolio comprising 40% of Security A and 60% of Security B.
You may ignore the possibility of no correlation between the rates of return.
Security A (%)
Security B (%)
An investor in risky securities is presumed to select an investment portfolio which on
the efficient frontier and touches one of his indifference curves at a tangent.
Give a detailed explanation of the above statement, with particular attention
to the expression in italics.
Illustrate your answers with relevant diagram.
(Total: 15 Marks)
Page 3 of 3
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