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# The Concept of Logic in Education

Date Posted: 5/9/2018 2:41:55 AM

Posted By: celestinemuchika  Membership Level: Silver  Total Points: 625

Logic refers to the philosophical study of correct reasoning.It deals with principles of sound arguments.On our daily basis , individuals engage in various forms of arguments where statements are made and conclusion drawn.In most cases,wrong conclusions are arrived at involving wrong premises and undue generalizations.Logic is therefore essential because it stipulates how arguments should be made and how fallacies can be detected in an argument and avoided.Within logic,two forms of reasoning can be distinguished:

*Deductive reasoning
*Inductive reasoning

Deductive Reasoning

It involves reasoning from general to particular incidences.In this course,a conclusion is inferredor deduced from general statements (syllogism). Consider the following example;

1. All university students are immoral.

2 John is a university student.

3. Therefore John is immoral.

The following reasoning has been expressed in syllogism form.The first two statements need to be stated before the third can follow.This type of reasoning is prevalent in philosophy,religion and mathematics.

Inductive Reasoning

Involves reasoning from general laws or conclusions being inferred from particular incidences.It is the reverse of deductive reasoning.In this type of reasoning,various incidences of a give specimen are observed over a given period of time.This type of reasoning is applicable with empirical sciences(The challenge of general ability)

In modern philosophy,logic is expressed in two dimensions that is symbolic logic and analytic logic.Symbolic logic is applied in mathematics where symbols are used to explain a phenomenon.For example

a+b=4
a=4-b

Analytic logic is prevalently used by analytic philosophers who emphasize the logical analysis of language to arrive at a clear meaning of terms.

Importance of Logic

1. It helps us to reason correctly and avoid fallacies(errors in reasoning)

2. It is a necessary tool for philosophical and scientific thinking.

3. Helps in conceptualizing educational policies and realization of educational objectives.

4. It equips the teacher with the right reasoning and right language for curriculum content delivery.

5. Helps seek clarity and meaning of concepts and statements.

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