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Assessment tools required by a teacher


Date Posted: 2/1/2021 12:15:20 PM

Posted By: Teacher edna  Membership Level: Silver  Total Points: 138

Assessment tools required by a teacher

Assessment is an integral part of good teaching. It involves identifying the strengths and weaknesses of a pupil. Assessment is the systematic process of getting information from multiple sources about what a learner knows, understands and can do with reference to specific learning outcomes.
There are two types of assessment namely:

Formative assessment. This assessment is done continuously during the learning process a good example is continuous assessment test (CAT).

Summative assessment. It is carried out at the end of a program to communicate what the learner knows for example, KCPE conducted at the end of primary education.
Having understood what assessment is let us look at assessment tools. What are assessment tools?
Assessment tools are instruments used to collect data to determine whether the learner has achieved the learning outcome.

With the introduction of the new competency based curriculum in Kenya the teacher needs to be informed with the possible assessment tools that they are likely to use in the classroom for effective learning.

Here are some of the assessment tools

1. Observation schedule. This tool outlines the behavior that a learner manifests at various points during the Performance of specific activities. The teacher records observation made on behavior of the learner on a record sheet. The information may be used as basis for personal educational guidance.

2. Checklist. This assessment tool allows the teacher to make judgment about what the learner knows in relation to required outcome. Checklist contains a list of attributes of individual behaviour and require the teacher to carefully observe whatever behavior is shown. At the end of the lesson a teacher makes a conclusion. For example Jane has acquired some competences in problem solving and critical thinking however they need to

work on their attitude towards others.

3. Portfolio. According to Airasion 1994, the purpose of the portfolio is to gather a series of students performance that display his or her accomplishments or improvement over time. A portfolio can be a composite of things like diaries, pictures, and curriculum of the most important feature of the portfolio is that it provides a broader picture of growth that is not tied to specific instructional goals. It serves as a general reflection of students growth and development as well as general question Of the nature of the curriculum.

4. Rating scale This tool allows the teacher to indicate the degree of frequency of a behaviour or skill displayed by the learner. The use of words such as never, sometimes, always helps pin point the specific strengths and needs of the learner. Other assessment tools that a teacher can employ in the learning process include oral question, observation among others.

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