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Research Project Guide


Date Posted: 6/19/2021 12:23:18 PM

Posted By: Justus mbindyo  Membership Level: Silver  Total Points: 672

The main parts of a research project and the main things to put into consideration.

It is important to first understand what a research project is before exploring its main parts and all that it entails writing a good project. The research project can be defined as a systematic process of collecting data, documenting critical information, analysis and interpreting data according to suitable methodologies set by specific professional fields and academic disciplines (Hampshire College). Its main aim is to evaluate the validity of the hypothesis to assemble a body of substantive knowledge and findings for sharing them in appropriate manner as well as generating a further research gap. Therefore a research project seeks to answer a well-defined question(s) about a specific topic.

Having shed a little light on what research is, it’s important for us to know the main parts of a research project and what each part entails. In general, a research project would contain five main parts. These five main parts include; research topic, preliminary pages, proposal, data analysis, and references. In each part of a research project, there are several things that must be put into consideration for a good research project.

In order to break these parts down, I will discuss each and every part as an independent aspect.

Research project topic; this is the mother of the entire research project. Some of you may wonder why to call it the mother of the entire project, but the truth is that the topic will always determine if you can progress. The selection of the research topic is one of the most important considerations of every research as it forms the basis for all the efforts the research will put into a research project. When formulating a research topic it is crucial to consider the following; narrow it down as possible,

choose a topic you are curious about, a topic that interests you, manageable and significant, challenging as well as the availability of the resources while avoiding over-exhausted topics. If you put all these points into consideration you are likely to come up with a strong and unique research topic which will yield you some good marks.

The second part deals with the preliminaries commonly termed preliminary pages. Under this section, there are several subtopics that are included. Though some of the parts might be scrapped according to the content and tools used in the research. These subtopics include but not limited to; declaration, acknowledgment, dedication, abstract, list of abbreviations and acronyms, table of contents, list of figures, and list of tables. These pages are important as they make your paper easy to review as to be referenced by other scholars. For instance, the table of contents indicates the pages where each part of the research is found which makes it easy for the scholars to retrieve information from your paper.

The third part of the research project deals with the proposal or the body of the research paper. This part comprises three chapters which comprise the first chapter which explores the main terminologies used in the research topic as well as the variables in depth. It is in this chapter where the dependent and independent variables are discussed in comparison with other studies which were carried out on the same topic prior to your paper. The second chapter deals with a literature review which summarizes all the related studies, related theories, and their criticism, discussion specific concepts of research topic, and summary of research gaps of the reviewed literature. This part is important as it helps you to connect your research with other researches which have ever been carried out on the same topic. The third chapter summarizes the research design to be used, population and sample size, study setting, data collection instruments as well as analysis tools and ethical issues of the research.

The fourth part is the most critical part of a research paper. This part comprises two main chapters i.e. data analysis, presentation and interpretation (chapter 4), and discussion and conclusion (chapter 5). It is in this part where the research has to prove whatever the concept he was investigating through collecting data as well as analyzing it to develop the model to support or not to support the study hypothesis (research questions). It is in this chapter where the researcher will collect data and use the analysis tool he will have indicated in chapter three to analyze it to support his claim. The researcher would then interpret the results according to his understanding and discuss them in depth in chapter 5 while relating them to other research paper findings. After all is done the study will make its conclusions, give its recommendations as well as a research gap for further researches which can be made as an extension of his work.

The very last part of a research paper is the appendices which carry all the supplements to the study. This section would include thing like; introductory letter, a sample questionnaire, budget, any other letter which might have been used in the study and any data from data analysis that have not been used in the study but is important to be included.

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